Cataract Exam & Management

Cataracts emerge when the lens within the eye gets foggy or cloudy. This can cause the individual to see the world as cloudy or blurry.

Note: cataracts don't prevent you from seeing; they simply blur your vision.

WHAT CAUSES CATARACTS

Cataracts generally occur in conjunction with eye ailments like glaucoma. Furthermore, trauma to the eyes may lead to the development of cataracts in the future.

SYMPTOMS OF CATARACTS

Cataracts are formed gradually, and a lot of patients find it difficult to notice the condition until it becomes severe. However, some common symptoms include:

  • Sudden need for contact lenses or prescription glasses
  • Frequent changes in eyesight
  • Blurry, foggy, or cloudy vision
  • Problems seeing at night
  • Poor overall vision/double vision issues
  • Changes in how your eye detects color
  • Progressive myopia (nearsightedness)

CATARACT MANAGEMENT

1. Eye Exam

An annual eye exam will assess your cataracts’ status and help you to detect this ailment early to save your vision.

2. Prescription Eyeglasses

Most times, your eye care specialist may first recommend using different prescription eyeglasses. A prescription lens permits light to penetrate to the retina in the back of the eye, allowing the retina to transmit these images into your brain to be processed into clear vision.

Combined with visual magnifying aids, anti-glare sunglasses, and lighting, these can greatly assist your vision.

3. Surgery

Surgery may be an option for cataracts in critical condition that have affected the patient’s daily activities.

If you and your specialist agree on surgery as the best option, there are two types:

a. Phacoemulsification

Subsequent to making a small cut into the cornea, a probe is embedded into your eye. This probe helps to break up your lens by transmitting ultrasound waves; the broken lens can then be removed through suction.

b. Extracapsular Surgery

In this case, a larger incision is made into the cornea after which the entire lens is removed.

After surgery, your surgeon will insert a new artificial lens called an IOL – Intraocular Lens. The IOL now becomes part of your eye, and you won’t feel anything different. It enhances vision by focusing light appropriately onto your retina.