LASIK, or laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, is the most commonly performed refractive surgery. The procedure is brief and minimally invasive with little downtime, making it a popular choice for most patients.
LASIK can be performed on most eyes with mild to intermediate myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The procedure typically takes 10 to 15 minutes and only requires a few days of downtime to let your eyes heal and adjust.
The procedure involves making a small flap with an excimer laser in the epithelium, or outermost layer of the cornea. The flap is then pushed back to reveal the corneal tissue underneath. The underlying tissue is then reshaped with the excimer laser to correct your refractive error. The flap is then replaced to act as a natural bandage, which should heal over a few days.