Diabetes & Your Eyes
Diabetes can affect many different parts of the eyes and, in some cases, is first detected during an eye exam. Unmanaged diabetes can lead to vision changes, cataracts, glaucoma, and various other conditions that can steal your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common eye diseases that occur due to unregulated diabetes. High blood sugar levels start to damage the retina’s blood vessels, which can begin to swell and leak.
There are 2 main types of diabetic retinopathy:
Diabetic Macular Edema
The retina is responsible for converting light that enters the eye into a detailed message. When it is swollen, it distorts the message, making it difficult to see clearly. If left untreated, macular edema can lead to irreversible damage and vision loss.